Mitotyping Technologies
 

For our laboratory colleagues

For details about sending us a case, please look under Submit a Case.

 

We are often asked about the "best" samples for testing. Generally, for hair submission:

  • We suggest that you select candidate questioned (evidentiary) hairs based on their probative
    value. For example, a hair taken from the floor of a public restroom near a victim's body may be
    less informative than a hair found on the victim. Samples can be prioritized to save financial resources. We can perform your testing accordingly.
  • We suggest that a qualified hair examiner evaluate evidentiary hairs with respect to each other. Microscopic hair comparison may be less valuable as a tool to compare questioned hairs to the exemplar hairs of known individuals than as a tool to compare questioned hairs to each other. Then, depending on their probative value, candidate hairs can be selected from groupings of
    similar hairs for testing.
  • All other variables being equal, such as equally probative and similar-appearing hairs, we prefer
    to take a portion of a longer hair, rather than consume an entire hair. Preservation of evidence is important whenever possible. In general, the size of hair sample taken for testing will be approximately 2cm, if available, but this varies according to numerous considerations. We do not advocate against testing small hairs simply because of their size and because they will be consumed. We have successfully analyzed hairs as small as 2 mm and the challenges of testing small hairs are similar to the challenges of testing any small or old sample. In the event that a hair is consumed, a review of the laboratory case folder by opposing counsel (discovery) is more desirable than not testing
    potentially informative evidence.
  • Reference samples provided for comparison to hair samples do not need to be hairs. In a rare case, hairs might be requested for a reason. However, in most cases, a buccal swab, saliva, or blood reference known is acceptable. We will discuss with you any situation in which a family reference sample might be needed when a direct reference sample from an individual is unavailable.
  • Hair samples may be submitted on slides, post-it notes, tapelifts, in small tubes, paperfolds, coin envelopes, or zipper seal plastic bags. If hairs are mounted on slides, we prefer to remove the hairs from the slides ourselves, as reduced handling reduces the possibility of contamination. However, the exception to this rule is if hairs and trace (fibers) are all mounted together on slides, we prefer that either the trace be removed or that the hairs be removed and repackaged.
  • In any case, we recommend that any necessary microscopy or photodocumentation of hair or
    other evidence be completed prior to sample submission.

Here are some general thoughts on skeletal sample submission:

  • Unless very old, skeletal remains are usually very successful samples. In order of preference, we
    prefer these bones due to the likelihood of their containing good quality mtDNA: tooth, long bone
    (femur, radius, humerus, ulna, tibia, fibula), rib. However, any skeletal material can be tested,
    even the smallest fetal remains.
  • For teeth, in order we prefer: unreconstructed molar/premolar, unreconstructed canine, unreconstructed incisor, teeth with dental work. We remove the dental work and return it.
  • Approximately 0.4 g of powdered tooth or bone is used in an analysis. Remaining bone powder is
    returned along with uncut skeletal or tooth samples.
  • Again, we recommend that any necessary microscopy or photodocumentation of skeletal evidence be completed prior to sample submission.

Other samples:

  • We have tested many sample types, including fingernails, organ tissue (slides, paraffin), cigarette butts, touched or licked objects, fabric cuttings, surface swabs, and clothing swatches, among others. Please call us to discuss the limitations of mitochondrial DNA analysis on some of these sample types.

DNA extract:

  • Occasionally we are asked about testing the DNA extraction product from another laboratory for
    mitochondrial DNA. We are able to do this if specific conditions are met. Please contact us to
    discuss your case.

 

Mitotyping Technologies

Recent News:

SoftGenetics purchases Assets of Mitotyping Technologies, promising return to singular focus on leading edge service and technology.

Read more>>

 

Yeti project Completed!

It wasn’t human but it was fun! Proceedings of Royal Society B. Thanks to Dr. Bryan Sykes for asking us to participate.

 

 

Quick Contact

Name *
Email *
Phone

###
-
###
-
####
Message *

 

Mitotyping Technologies

Privacy Policy | Terms of Use | Contact Us

Mitotyping Technologies, LLC
2565 Park Center Blvd. Suite 200 • State College, Pennsylvania, USA 16801
Phone: (814) 861-0676

Fax: (814) 861-0576

 

A division of

 

 

Web design by Lovett Creations

© Copyright 2017
Mitotyping Technologies, LLC.
All Rights Reserved Worldwide