To prepare our clients for
courtroom testimony, we recommend that all attorneys
read the articles. We will then discuss the articles
with you in depth to prepare for trial. There
is no charge for any phone consultation of this type.
We also recommend an online
mtDNA tutorial, which can be found as a separate module
within an interactive tutorial titled "Principles of
Forensic DNA of Officers of the Court" at www.dna.gov
Mitochondrial DNA Databases
A mitochondrial DNA database
for North America is found at empop.org. This
excellent database is maintained by The Institute for
Legal Medicine, Innsbruck Medical University.
Mitochondrial DNA statistical
calculations are based on simple sampling equations. For
an introduction to the calculations and their interpretation.
The following link will connect
the user to previous written courtroom rulings on mitochondrial
DNA at both the state and federal level. www.denverda.org/
Mitotyping staff members have testified
in the following states:
Alaska, California, Colorado,
Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois,
Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota,
Missouri, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico,
New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South
Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Washington,
and West Virginia.
We have testified in admissibility
proceedings (Daubert/Frye/Harper/Rimmasch) in California,
Washington, Florida, Georgia, Michigan, New York, Colorado,
Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Texas,
Utah, and in three federal jurisdictions (District
of Columbia; New York City; Columbus, Ohio).
Testimony Foundation Questions
We have provided a basic
set of foundation questions for mitochondrial DNA
testimony. Cases will have different requirements,
so we encourage website viewers to adapt these questions
to their needs.
Jury education is critical
when this technology is presented in court. Mitotyping
uses five basic overhead transparencies during testimony
for jury education (transparencies courtesy of the FBI's
DNA Unit II). A basic tutorial takes about 10 minutes
and emphasizes the differences between mitochondrial
and nuclear DNA typing.